Development of Tools to Calculate the Vibroacoustic Performance of Electrical Machines in Lift Installations

Xabier Arrasate, Alex McCloskey, Xabier Hernández, Ander Telleria

Abstract


Improper operation of the traction machine of a lift installation causes energy waste, vibrations and noise. The design of the machine must be optimum if energy efficiency and comfort specifications have to be satisfied. The vibrations and noise frequency spectra of electrical machines present manifest peaks at certain frequencies, multiples of the fundamental electrical frequency, that depend on the machine topology and its rotation velocity. Changes in its topology or in its mechanical properties (geometry, size, materials…) must be done in order to reduce the magnitude of peaks at certain excitation frequencies or to locate the excitation frequencies far from the natural frequencies of the structure or the lift installation. Machine designers need tools to calculate their vibroacoustic response once a certain design has been proposed, so they can modify it before a prototype is built in case the response is not acceptable. Numerical and analytical models to calculate the vibroacoustic response of electrical machines have been developed and experimentally validated. In this paper, the authors summarise the state of the art in modelling the vibroacoustic performance of electrical machines, provide some guidelines regarding the values to be assigned to the machine componets, and show some of the results obtained in their research work.

Full Text:

PDF

References


R. Kawasaki, Y. Hironaka, and M. Nishimura. “Noise and vibration analysis of elevator traction machine”. In INTER-NOISE and NOISE-CON Congress and Conference Proceedings, volume 2010, pages 369–377. Institute of Noise Control Engineering, 2010.

Jacek F Gieras, Chong Wang, and Joseph Cho Lai. Noise of polyphase electric motors. CRC press, 2005.

László Timár-Peregrin Timár-P and PL Tímár. Noise and vibration of electrical machines, volume 34. North Holland, 1989.

Jean Le Besnerais. Reduction of magnetic noise in PWM-supplied induction machines- low-noise design rules and multi-objective optimisation. PhD thesis, Ecole Centrale de Lille, France, 2008.

http://l2ep.univ-lille1.fr/fileupload/file/theses/these_Lebesnerais-VF.pdf

Rakib Islam and Iqbal Husain. “Analytical model for predicting noise and vibration in permanent-magnet synchronous motors”. Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on, 46(6):2346–2354, 2010.

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5557800&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fiel5%2F28%2F4957013%2F05557800.pdf%3Farnumber%3D5557800

J. Le Besnerais, A. Fasquelle, M. Hecquet, J. Pellé, V. Lanfranchi, S. Harmand, P. Brochet, and A. Randria. “Multiphysics modeling: Electro-vibro-acoustics and heat transfer of pwm-fed induction machines”. Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, 57(4):1279–1287, 2010.

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5208354&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fiel5%2F41%2F4387790%2F05208354.pdf%3Farnumber%3D5208354

M. Al Nahlaoui, D. Braunisch, B. Eichinger, S. Kulig, B. Ponick, and U. Werner. “Calculation methods for electromagnetically excited noise in induction motors”. In Electric Drives Production Conference (EDPC), 2011, 1st International, pages 124–131. IEEE, 2011.

http://ieeexplore.ieee.orxpl/abstractAuthors.jsp?reload=true&arnumber=6085561

S. Watanabe, S. Kenjo, K. Ide, F. Sato, and M. Yamamoto. “Natural frequencies and vibration behaviour of motor stators”. Power Apparatus and Systems, IEEE Transactions on, (4):949–956, 1983.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/3462909_Natural_Frequencies_and_Vibration_Behaviour_of_Motor_Stators

Huan Wang and Keith Williams. “The vibrational analysis and experimental verification of a plane electrical machine stator model”. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 9(4):429–438, 1995

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0888327085700337

RS Girgis and SP Verma. “Resonant frequencies and vibration behaviour of stators of electrical machines as affected by teeth, windings, frame and laminations”. Power Apparatus and Systems, IEEE Transactions on, (4):1446–1455, 1979.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/3464193_Resonant_Frequencies_and_Vibration_Behaviour_of_Stators_of_Electrical_Machines_as_Affected_by_Teeth_Windings_Frame_and_Laminations

A. McCloskey, X. Arrasate, G. Almandoz, X. Hernandez. Vibro-acoustic finite element analysis of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine. 9th International Conference on Structural Dynamics, Eurodyn 2014. To be held at Porto, Portugal from the 30th of June to 2nd of July.

http://paginas.fe.up.pt/~eurodyn2014/CD/papers/464_MS21_ABS_1287.pdf

W Scedel. “A new frequency formula for closed circular cylindrical shells for a large variety of boundary conditions”. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 70(3):309–317, 1980.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/238949857_A_new_frequency_formula_for_closed_circular_cylindrical_shells_for_a_large_variety_of_boundary_conditions

C. Wang and JCS Lai. “Prediction of natural frequencies of finite length circular cylindrical shells”. Applied acoustics, 59(4):385–400, 2000.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003682X99000390

Michael Van Der Giet, Christoph Schlensok, Benedikt Schmülling, and Kay Hameyer. “Comparison of 2-d and 3-d coupled electromagnetic and structure-dynamic simulation of electrical machines”. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 44:1594–1597, June 2008.

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4527015&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fiel5%2F20%2F4526781%2F04527015.pdf%3Farnumber%3D4527015

C. Wang and JCS Lai. “Vibration analysis of an induction motor”. Journal of sound and vibration, 224(4):733–756, 1999.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022460X99922083

K.N.; Srinivas and R. Arumugam. “Static and dynamic vibration analyses of switched reluctance motors including bearings, housing, rotor dynamics, and applied loads”. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 40:1911–19, July 2004

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1325361&punumber=20&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fiel5%2F20%2F29330%2F01325361.pdf%3Ftp%3D%26arnumber%3D1325361%26punumber%3D20

K. J. Bathe, Finite Element Procedures. Englewood Cliffs,NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996.

Dimitri Torregrossa, Francois Peyraut, Babak Fahimi, Jeremie M’Boua, and Abdellatif Miraoui. “Multiphysics finite-element modeling for vibration and acoustic analysis of permanent magnet synchronous machine”. Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on, 26(2):490–500, 2011.

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5668527&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fiel5%2F60%2F4358729%2F05668527.pdf%3Farnumber%3D5668527

Frank J Fahy and Paolo Gardonio. Sound and structural vibration: radiation, transmission and response. Academic press, 2007.

AJ Ellison and CJ Moore. “Acoustic noise and vibration of rotating electric machines”. In Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, volume 115, pages 1633– 1640. IET, 1968.

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5248823&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D5248823

Ph L Alger. “The magnetic noise of polyphase induction motors. Power Apparatus and Systems, Part III”. Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 73(1):118–125, 1954.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264592830_The_Magnetic_Noise_of_Polyphase_Induction_Motors_includes_discussion

W Williams, NG Parke, DA Moran, and Charles H Sherman. “Acoustic radiation from a finite cylinder”. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 36:2316, 1964.

http://scitation.aip.org/content/asa/journal/jasa/36/12/10.1121/1.1919357

ZQ Zhu and D Howe. “Finite element analysis of acoustic power radiated by electrical machines”. Proc. Inst. Acoust, 12(6):29–36, 1990.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.