Key Dynamic Parameters that Influence Ride Quality of Passenger Transportation Systems

Thomas Ehrl, Rory Smith, Stefan Kaczmarczyk


Ride quality of a Passenger Transportation System (PTS) is a measure of the comfort level experienced by passengers and is intimately associated with their subjective perception and sensitivity to motion and sound. This measure is affected by the noise and vibration of an operating system. On the other hand, ride quality is the measure of the PTS product quality. Ride quality of passenger transportation systems is critical for a PTS manufacturer to determine the subjective and objective quality of the system. This is especially important in high rise (high end) systems. The paper investigates the dynamic interactions that might occur between the PTS system components and their influence on ride quality.

Full Text:



R. E. Howkins, Elevator Ride Quality – the Human Ride Experience. In: Proceedings of Elevcon 2006, 20 – 22 June 2006, Helsinki, Finland, 100-110.

R. Smith, Achieving Good Ride Quality. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Mechanics of Slender Structure (MoSS 2006), Northampton, UK, 28 – 29 September 2006 (on CD ROM).

ISO 18738-1, Measurement of ride quality, Part 1: Lifts/Elevators (2012)

S. S. Rao, Mechanical Vibrations SI Edition. Prentice Hall, Singapore (2005)

M. J. Griffin, Handbook of Human Vibration. Academic Press Limited, London (1990)

I. Herrera, and S. Kaczmarczyk, The Assessment of Vibration Absorption Capacity of Elevator’s Passengers. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 181, 2009, 012081

P. Feldhusen, Simulation Method for Vibration Control System on High Rise Elevators: Feasibility Study. Internal Report, ThyssenKrupp Elevator AG, December 14, 2013.

J.P. Andrew, and S. Kaczmarczyk, Systems Engineering of Elevators. Elevator World, Inc., Mobile, Alabama (2011).

S. Kaczmarczyk, Vibration Problems in Lift and Escalator Systems: Analysis Techniques and Mitigation Strategies. In: Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies, Northampton, UK, 26-27 September 2013, 71-79.

G. R. Strakosch, The Vertical Transportation Handbook, John Wiley, New York, 1998.

M. Iida, Y. Sakuma, Comfort of Ultra-high Speed Elevators. Mitsubishi Electric Advance, Vol. 144, 2013, pp. 2-5.

S. Kaczmarczyk, The Prediction and Analysis of Lift Car - Hoist Rope Vibration Interactions. In: Proceedings of ELEVCON 2005, 7-9 June 2005, Beijing, China, 108–117.

J.P. Andrew, and S. Kaczmarczyk, Rope Dynamics. Elevator World, July 2011, 45-56.

S. Kaczmarczyk, J.P. Andrew, The Modelling and Prediction of Non-stationary Vibrations in Lift Systems. Tecnologia del Ascensor, Actas del ELEVCON 2003, Barcelona, Spain, March 2003, 107-117.

G.X. Shen, H.L. Bai, A.T.P. So, Experiments on Aerodynamics of Super High Speed Elevators. In: Proceedings of ELEVCON 2005, 7-9 June 2005, Beijing, China, 174–184.

K. Funai, H. Katayama, J. I. Higaki, K. Utsonomiya, S. Nakashima, The Development of Active Vibration Damper for Super High-Speed Elevators. In: Proceedings of ELEVCON 2004, 27-29 April 2004, Istanbul, Turkey, 81-89.

R. Sánchez Crespo, S. Kaczmarczyk, P. Picton, H. Su, M. Jetter, Modelling and Simulation of a high-rise elevator system to predict the dynamic interactions between its components. Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies, Northampton, UK, 26-27 September 2013, 43-52.

C. Coffen, L. Hardin, T. Derwinski, Statistical Energy Analysis of a High Speed Elevator Cab and Frame. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Congress on Sound and Vibration, December 15-18, 1997, Adelaide, South Australia, 2295-2303.



  • There are currently no refbacks.